I have had a chronic case of the chills for years—I swear I am almost always cold. Most likely that's just because I'm a skinny little girl living in Minnesota. This is not really a medical condition, although chills can be brought on by overexposure to cold temperatures. The remedy for your case of the chills will depend on the cause. I'm sure I can be cured by getting the hell out of this part of the country. Chills happen when your muscles start to spasm in order to warm the body. This is most often a signal of an oncoming infection and a fever often follows. If you have several other symptoms like headache, sore throat, or vomiting, you likely have a viral or bacterial infection. Some infections should be treated by medical professionals. However, if you only have mild symptoms, they can be treated at home by various methods. Please remember that treatment will vary if you're treating a child.
Treatment for the Chills
If you have several symptoms, your best bet is to treat the overall illness. Don't just try and fix individual symptoms. Get to the bottom of what's wrong and go from there. Chills can go along with any number and combination of other symptoms and therefore can be caused by all sorts of illnesses. Common causes are strep throat, flu, colds, mononucleosis, urinary tract infections, pneumonia, and on and on. Some of these causes definitely should bring you to a doctor and you might also have to go if you're having trouble figuring out what's making you sick.
Some cases should seek medical attention. If you're looking after sick kids, bring them in if the fever isn't dropping within a few hours after taking medicine. If an infant has a low-grade fever for more than a day, or has a dangerously high temperature—above 101 degrees Fahrenheit for babies under three months and 103 for older kids—get them to a doctor quickly. For adults: See a doctor if your fever is above 102 and hasn't improved in three days, or you are experiencing abdominal pain, severe cough and/or difficulty breathing, confusion, neck stiffness, or lethargy.
The first step of home care is rest and plenty of fluids. This is pretty standard advice for just about any mild sickness. If you are just having chills, possibly with other light symptoms, they should go away in time. Resting will help give your body the energy it needs to fight off whatever kind of infection is trying to take over. It's always a good thing to stay hydrated. Fluids are a necessity when you're sick because they flush out all the unwanted, illness-causing crap in your system.
When you have chills and a fever, medicine and a lukewarm cloth can cool you down. This works for a low-grade fever, anyway. Over-the-counter medication like acetaminophen will help lower a fever and reduce pain if you have a headache or body aches. Remember not to give aspirin to kids—only non-aspirin products. Patting skin with a lukewarm (not cold!) washcloth will also lower your temperature by water evaporation. Cold water will only throw your body temp more out of whack. By lowering your fever, you are regulating your body temperature, which will combat the chills too.
If you have the chills with no fever, hypothermia might be a threat. Hypothermia is when your body temperature gets too low from cold weather or cold water. There are several levels of severity. If your temperature is below the usual 98.6 degrees and you are shivering uncontrollably, you could very well have mild hypothermia. Stay dry, try to warm up, and drink lots of warm fluids. If your temperature is below 96 and you are confused or can't control your bodily movements, get emergency help immediately.
Treatment for the Chills Will Vary
There are several factors that need to be considered when trying to rid yourself of the chills. The most important of these is the body temperature and age of the person who is ill. All other symptoms need to be taken into account as well. Children need special attention for their illnesses. They cannot be treated as adults and the level of their temperature will directly affect treatment. If you're unsure of what to do, doctors will always be your best source of information, especially if chills are only one out of the plethora of reasons why you feel like death warmed over. However, if your symptoms are few and mild, you will probably be fine after lots of rest and fluids (the only true natural cure).